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Title Mary Anne Todd Lincoln
Collection First Lady Dolls
Catalog Number 2015.017.018
Description Mary Todd Lincoln (1818-1882)
Wife of Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)

Mary Anne Todd was 5' 2" tall, blue eyes and reddish-brown hair. She was the daughter of a wealthy and prosperous family. Her father, Robert Smith Todd, was a merchant, lawyer, officer in the War of 1812 and a member of the Kentucky legislature. Mary did not have any need for employment. With her father's close friendship to political leader Henry Clay, she developed a voracious interest in politics and political issues.
Mary was trained in the social graces common to her class and time, the level of education she received was unusual. She studied widely and deeply a variety of subjects.
On November 4, 1842, Mary Todd married a lawyer named Abraham Lincoln in Springfield, Illinois. For the first two years of their marriage, they lived at the Globe Tavern in Springfield. She was always active in promoting his political career. At 42 years of age, she became the First Lady as wife of the President of the United States.
It is difficult to make medical conclusions about Mrs. Lincoln long after she lived. She did manifest behavior that suggests severe depression, anxiety, migraine headaches and possibly diabetes. It is certain that all of her ills were exacerbated by a series of tragic circumstances during her tenure at the White House: the trauma of Civil War, including the allegiance of much of her family to the Confederacy and their death or injury in battle; the sudden death of her son Willie in 1862; and, the worst incident of all, the assassination of her husband as she sat beside him in the Ford's Theater.
Union soldiers were encamped at the White House by April 1861 and would remain for the endurance of the Administration. Mary worked as a nurse in the Union hospitals and toured Union Army camps with her husband. She was largely successful in her objective of using entertaining as a means of raising Union morale.
Mary Lincoln was the first presidential wife to be called "First Lady" in the press, as documented in both the London Times and Sacramento Union newspapers.
Mary fought with congress for award of a presidential widow's pension. In 1870 she received the annual pension of $3,000. Her pension was increased to $5,000 in 1882. She died at the home of her sister, Elizabeth Edwards, Springfield, Illinois, on July 16, 1882 at the age of 63 years.
Event Bicentennial First Lady Doll Exhibit - Community Project
Creator Parks, Phyllis Ruhlin
Costume Costume by Joyce Green Rasmussen
Given Given by Joyce Green Rasmussen
Source Uintah County Library