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Title Abigail Smith Adams
Collection First Lady Dolls
Catalog Number 2015.017.002
Description Abigail Adams (1744-1818)
Wife of John Adams - First Lady from 1797-1801

Abigail Adams was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts on November 11, 1744. Her physical appearance is described as 5' 1" with brown hair and brown eyes. She was a very opinionated woman, and despite men's views being considered superior to women's, she made her political opinions widely known.
Abigail married John Adams on October 25, 1764. They lived in a small cottage that stood beside the one where John was born and raised. They moved close to Boston and in 1787 purchased a large farm known as "Peacefield".
Abigail practiced law in the nearby city of Boston. In 1775, she was apointed by the Massachusetts Colony General Court to question women who were charged with being loyal to Britain. She was also known for her belief in women's rights. She pressed the argument through letters to John, saying that a new government was the perfect time to make the legal status of women equal to men. Although she was never able to convince him, those letters became known as some of the first writings for women's rights.
She was First Lady from March 4, 1797 to March 4, 1801. Although her husband served as President for four years, Abigail was only present in the temporary capital of Philadelphia and in Washington D.C. for eighteen months. Despite her absence she made a strong impression on the press and public. She was nicknamed "Mrs. President, not of the United States but a faction" by Albert Gallatin due to her hatred of the Anti-Federalists party and public political opinions. The sharp but accurate nickname would stick with her for the rest of her life.
When Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams in his attempt to get in for a second term, she was ready to leave politics, explaining that she was "sick, sick, sick of public life." Abigail died on October 28, 1818 in Quincey Massachusetts, six years before her son John Quincey Adams was elected to be President. She was the first woman in American History to have been the wife of one President and the mother of another.
Event Bicentennial First Lady Doll Exhibit - Community Project
Creator Park, Phyllis Juhlin
Costume Costume by Doris Jex Woodhouse
Given Given by the Lady Lions
Source Uintah County Library