|Title||Lucy Ware Webb Hayes|
|Collection||First Lady Dolls|
Lucy Ware Webb Hayes (1831-1889)
Wife of Rutherford B. Hayes - First Lady from 1877-1881
Lucy Ware Webb was born August 28, 1831 in Chillicothe, Ohio. She was 5' 4" tall with black hair and brown eyes.
At the age of 21, Lucy Ware Webb married Rutherford Birchard Hayes, a lawyer. They were married on December 30, 1852.
Lucy Hayes did not initally support the popular movement to make then Governor Hays the Republican presidential candidate in 1876. She became popular in the newspaper coverage because of her personal popularity. The wives of male voters liked her domestic nature and they would influence their husbands to vote for Hayes.
When Rutherford B. Hayes and his wife, Lucy, left Ohio for Washington, the outcome of the election was still in doubt. An Electoral Commission in Washington would soon resolve the election in favor of Hays.
Since the election had been disputed, there was no Inaugural Ball held in 1877. There was, however, a reception at the White House hosted by outgoing President Grant, where Hayes was secretly sworn in two days before the official Inauguration Day. This was a tactic intended to avoid the official ceremony from being interrupted as was threatened by supporters of the losing candidate.
With her strong sense of civic duty, Lucy Hayes also believed that she had a larger responsibility to the world outside of her home and family. As First Lady, she seemed to expand this commitment nationally. An important factor in her assuming a new level of public roles for a First Lady was also her pronounced personality, most often characterized as including a spontaneous warmth, charitable impulse, self-deprecating humor and natural empathy.
She was the first First Lady to have graduated with a higher education degree.
Before marriage, Lucy had signed a pledge to forsake drinking any alcholic beverages. She became a lifelong advocate of temperance, but resisted joining the organized movement. A result of this pledge was the decision to ban all alchohoic beverages from all entertainments, including state dinners. It was actually the President who made the decision, recognizing how vital the support of the Prohibition Party was to the Republican Party.
Lucy Hayes had an unusually strong respect for animals, especially birds. She knew many bird calls and practiced them on the expansive ground of her home. The last picture taken of her was feeding a flock of birds on the Spiegel Grove lawn.
Lucy Ware Webb Hayes died on June 25, 1889, at the age of 57 years old.
|Event||Bicentennial First Lady Doll Exhibit - Community Project|
|Creator||Park, Phyllis Juhlin|
|Costume||Costume by Sandra Horrocks Rasmussen|
|Given||Given by Isobel Dillman Batty in honor or Permelia Bigelow Batty|
|Source||Uintah County Library|